Application of IoT in Civil Engineering
Safety and Security
Human security agents are not capable enough to monitor a huge site properly. Hence, by using IoT enabled tags, we can search for any material or theft of items as the sensors can provide the materials' current location. IoT allows for the creation of a digital real-time job site map alongside the risks related to the works and notifies every worker about the proximity to any risk or dangerous environment. Users in hydrocarbon and chemical plants with toxic or hazardous fluids often install a ruptured disc just upstream of the PRV (Pressure Relief Valve). The rupture disc is a positive barrier to eliminate the risk of PRV leakage, which is designed to open when the process pressure approaches the safe limits of the process equipment or piping, releasing excess fluid.
UAVs and Autonomous Vehicles
Surveillance and monitoring at numerous construction projects that span huge spaces are being made easy with UAVs' help by using drones to gather precise survey maps and aerial pictures of job sites and track their progress remotely. Construction companies can cut costs, manage utilization and make smarter equipment decisions with the aid of IoT enabled equipment tracking. With IoT enabled solutions, even the smallest companies and the shortest-term projects have found smart, wireless systems to be cost-eﬀective. For instance, autonomous dump trucks and excavators are being tested to limit humans' exposure to unsafe work conditions. Trucks like Autonomous TMA Truck, Volvo Trucks, Smart Construction by Komatsu are used for this purpose.
IoT can make our waste practices more sustainable by monitoring waste disposal bins or vehicles cost-effectively. Automated route optimization of garbage pickup trucks is currently being used for waste management operations. These trucks follow a specific route every day to collect trash. ISB Global is using IoT-powered applications to manage waste effectively. Using sensors installed on each bin, cloud-based data collection and synthesis, and a user interface/smart app, ISB has created a network of connected devices for effective waste management.
IoT makes wearables smart. IoT is driven by the ability to
install sensors on any machine or object to monitor performance, operation,
physical states, or other data through connectivity. People can take the help
of smart glasses to mock-up a complete suite floor with all the furnishings in
it. Through connected smart-glasses, employees are also empowered on and off
the job site since they can view work instructions while performing other
tasks, thus improving their performance. Examples include the heads-up displays
provided on smart-glasses connected to augmented reality (AR), virtual reality
(VR), and mixed reality (MR) technology like Google Glass, Microsoft HoloLens.
WRITTEN BY:Priyasha Das and Shivangi Baral